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ISO/IEEE 11073-10472-2012 健康信息学.个人健康设备通信.第10472部分:装置专门化.药物监控器

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【英文标准名称】:HealthInformatics-Personalhealthdevicecommunication-Part10472:Devicespecialization-Medicationmonitor
【原文标准名称】:健康信息学.个人健康设备通信.第10472部分:装置专门化.药物监控器
【标准号】:ISO/IEEE11073-10472-2012
【标准状态】:现行
【国别】:国际
【发布日期】:2012-11
【实施或试行日期】:
【发布单位】:国际标准化组织(IX-ISO)
【起草单位】:ISO/TC215
【标准类型】:()
【标准水平】:()
【中文主题词】:应用程序;通信;传播过程;计算机科学;数据交换;数据处理;数据传送;定义;药品管理;药品控制;信息;信息交换;信息处理;信息系统;信息技术;医疗器械;医疗设备;医疗信息学;医学科学;监控器;病人;个人保健;公共卫生
【英文主题词】:Applications;Communication;Communicationprocesses;Computersciences;Dataexchange;Dataprocessing;Datatransfer;Definitions;Drugadministration;Drugcontrol;Information;Informationinterchange;Informationprocessing;Informationsystems;Informationtechnology;Medicaldevices;Medicalequipment;Medicalinformatics;Medicalsciences;Monitors;Patients;Personalhealth;Publichealth
【摘要】:
【中国标准分类号】:
【国际标准分类号】:35_240_80
【页数】:66P;A4
【正文语种】:英语


【英文标准名称】:Dentistry-Polymer-basedfilling,restorativeandlutingmaterials.
【原文标准名称】:牙科.聚合体基填充、修复和封泥材料
【标准号】:NFS91-215-2000
【标准状态】:作废
【国别】:法国
【发布日期】:2000-10-01
【实施或试行日期】:2000-10-20
【发布单位】:法国标准化协会(FR-AFNOR)
【起草单位】:
【标准类型】:()
【标准水平】:()
【中文主题词】:
【英文主题词】:Adhesion;Adhesivecompound;Classes;Definitions;Dentalmaterials;Dentistry;Fixings;Marking;Materials;Packages;Plastics;Polymers;Resins;Specifications;Testing
【摘要】:
【中国标准分类号】:C33
【国际标准分类号】:11_060_10
【页数】:34P.;A4
【正文语种】:其他


【英文标准名称】:StandardTestMethodsforDeterminationofMaximumDryUnitWeightandWaterContentRangeforEffectiveCompactionofGranularSoilsUsingaVibratingHammer
【原文标准名称】:用振动锤测定粒状土壤有效压实的最大干燥单位重量和含水量范围的试验方法
【标准号】:ASTMD7382-2008
【标准状态】:现行
【国别】:美国
【发布日期】:2008
【实施或试行日期】:
【发布单位】:美国材料与试验协会(US-ASTM)
【起草单位】:D18.03
【标准类型】:(TestMethod)
【标准水平】:()
【中文主题词】:
【英文主题词】:density;granularsoil;soilcompaction;unitweight;vibratinghammer;watercontent;Granularsoil;Vibratinghammer;Watercontent--soil
【摘要】:Formanycohesionless,free-drainingsoils,themaximumdryunitweightisoneofthekeycomponentsinevaluatingthestateofcompactnessofagivensoilmassthatiseithernaturallyoccurringorisconstructed(fill).Soilplacedasanengineeredfilliscompactedtoadensestatetoobtainsatisfactoryengineeringpropertiessuchasshearstrength,compressibility,permeability,orcombinationsthereof.Also,foundationsoilsareoftencompactedtoimprovetheirengineeringproperties.Laboratorycompactiontestsprovidethebasisfordeterminingthepercentcompactionandwatercontentneededatthetimeofcompactiontoachievetherequiredengineeringproperties,andforcontrollingconstructiontoassurethattherequiredunitweightsandwatercontentsareachieved.Itisgenerallyrecognizedthatpercentcompactionisagoodindicatorofthestateofcompactnessofagivensoilmass.However,theengineeringproperties,suchasstrength,compressibility,andpermeabilityofagivensoil,compactedbyvariousmethodstoagivenstateofcompactnesscanvaryconsiderably.Therefore,considerableengineeringjudgmentmustbeusedinrelatingtheengineeringpropertiesofsoiltothestateofcompactness.Experienceindicatesthattheconstructioncontrolaspectsdiscussedin5.2areextremelydifficulttoimplementoryielderroneousresultswhendealingwithcertainsoils.5.4.1,5.4.2,and5.4.3describetypicalproblemsoils,theproblemsencounteredwhendealingwithsuchsoils,andpossiblesolutionstotheseproblems.Degradation8212;Soilscontainingparticlesthatdegradeduringcompactionareaproblem,especiallywhenmoredegradationoccursduringlaboratorycompactionthanfieldcompaction,asistypical.Degradationtypicallyoccursduringthecompactionofagranular-residualsoiloraggregate.Whendegradationoccurs,themaximumdryunitweightincreasessothatthelaboratorymaximumvalueisnotrepresentativeoffieldconditions.Often,inthesecases,themaximumdryunitweightisimpossibletoachieveinthefield.Onemethodtodesignandcontrolthecompactionofsuchsoilsistouseatestfilltodeterminetherequireddegreeofcompactionandthemethodtoobtainthatcompaction,followedbytheuseofamethodspecificationtocontrolthecompaction.Componentsofamethodspecificationtypicallycontainthetypeandsizeofcompactionequipmenttobeused,theliftthickness,andthenumberofpasses.Note48212;Successinexecutingthecompactioncontrolofanearthworkproject,especiallywhenamethodspecificationisused,ishighlydependentuponthequalityandexperienceofthex201C;contractorx201D;andx201C;inspector.x201D;GapGraded8212;Gap-gradedsoils(soilscontainingmanylargeparticleswithlimitedsmallparticles)areaproblembecausethecompactedsoilwillhavelargervoidsthanusual.Tohandletheselargevoids,standardtestmethods(laboratoryorfield)typicallyhavetobemodifiedusingengineeringjudgment.GravellySoilsPossessingLowAngularityandHighPercentageofFines8212;Gravellysoilspossessinglowangularityandahighpercentageoffinescanleadtopoorresultsfordryunitweightwhenusingthewet/saturatedmethod.However,whenwatercontentsatthetimeofcompactionarenearsaturationwithnofreewater,thedryunitweightachievedmayresultinahighervaluethanthatfromthedrymethod.Ultimately,duringdensification,thematerialmayreachasaturatedstate.Therefore,forthesesoils,awatercontentof1o......